"Excessive alcohol consumption is the third leading preventable cause of death in the
MMWR September 24, 2004: 53, 866-87
Alcohol Consumption and Mortality: Modelling Risks for Men and Women at
"a direct dose-response relation exist between alcohol consumption and risk of
death in women aged 16-54 and in men aged 16-34"
British Journal of Medicine, Vol. 325:191, July 2002
Alcohol Consumption and Expenditures for Underage Drinking and Adult Excessive Drinking
Alcohol and Breast Cancer in Women
"Alcohol consumption is associated with a linear increase in breast cancer"
The Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 279, Feb 18, 1998
American Cancer Society
"drinking alcohol is a risk factor for developing breast cancer."
Effects of Alcohol Advertising Exposure on Drinking Among Youth
"Alcohol advertising contributes to increased drinking among youth."
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) Research
Alcohol and the Liver: Research Update
"approximately 10,000 to 24,000 deaths form cirrhosis may be attributable to alcohol
consumption each year."
Alcohol Consumption and the Risk of Cancer
"confirms that high levels of alcohol consumption results in a substantial risk of cancer
development at several sites."
Alcoholism and the Brain: An Overview
"about half of the nearly 20 million alcoholics in the U.S." have some form of cognitive
impairment, and "up to 2 million alcoholics develop permanent and debilitating
conditions that require lifetime custodial care."
Alcohol and Crime
"almost 4 in 10 violent crimes involve alcohol"
"In 2002, more than 70,000 students between the ages of 18 and 24 were victims
of alcohol-related sexual assault in the U.S."
J. Stud. Alcohol 2004 Jan; 65: 37-45
Correlates of rape while intoxicated in a national sample of college women.
"Roughly one in 20 (4.7%) women reported being raped. Nearly three quarters (72%)
of the victims experienced rape while intoxicated."
Alcohol Alcohol 1998 Jan-Feb; 33: 12-5
"More than half of murders are committed when the killer is intoxicated."
Addiction 2006 Jan; 101: 100-8
"This study confirmed that alcohol is a strong trigger of criminal violence."
Alcohol and Learning Disabilities
Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev. 2006 Aug; 22
"Researchers have consistently found that intellectual functioning, as assesed
by IQ tests, of children with prenatal alcohol exposure is deficient. "
"slow information processing and attentional poblems"